# Your Task

- Work on the corresponding lab first.
- Go to the custom code environment.

This is like the code environment for the lab, but with different problems. - Solve
of the puzzles below using a restricted subset of C (described below).*all*

# The C Subset

- You are restricted to a subset of C
- Constants cannot exceed a single byte (between 0 and 255, or 0x00 and 0xff)
- You cannot have any control constructs (no
`if`

,`for`

, etc) - You can only use
`int`

-type values.**You can use temporary variables and multiple statements**, and we encourage you to do this. - All temporary variables must be initialized on declaration (e.g.
`int temporary = 0;`

) - All
`>>`

operators are arithmetic shifts (regardless of the types involved) - Each puzzle has a limited set of operators you are allowed to use
- Each puzzle has a limit on the number of operators you are allowed to use

- Violating any of the above rules
*except*the number of operators will result in 0 points.

Partial credit is awarded if you have the correct functionality following all of the rules except the operator count.

# Hints

## Testing outside the Coding environment

- You can copy-and-paste code from the coding environment to your own computer for testing.

This can let you get useful compiler error messages and add`printf()`

statements, etc.

## Specific advice for the puzzles

- The puzzles
arranged in order of difficulty. You should not feel obliged to*are not*

do them in order.

`allEvenBits`

- A mask and emulating the
`==`

operator with subtraction will help. - Recall that in two’s complement, negation is flipping all bits and adding 1.

`byteSwap`

- Isolate the bits that are moving into their own variables,

clear their destinations in the original number,

then put them back in into the number in their new locations.

`multFiveEighths`

- Section 2.3.6 (“Multiplying by Constants”) and 2.3.7 (“Dividing by Powers of Two”) in the textbook

have most of the solution described, if not explicitly given. - Arithmetic right shift is equivalent to dividing a signed integer by a power of two
*but always rounding down*. Integer division in C always rounds towards zero.

`addOK`

- Overflow with
`+`

will always produce a result with the wrong sign. - (non-negative) + (negative) can never overflow.

`bitParity`

`^`

is almost all you need.

# Evaluation

- Correctness points.
- Each puzzle you must solve has been given a difficulty rating between 1 and 4 and is worth that many points.

This is awarded all-or-nothing per puzzle: you either obeyed the coding rules and got all inputs correct or you did not. - Performance points.
- There are an additional 2 points per puzzle that are awarded if you use a small number of operators.

Again, this is all-or-nothing: you either met the limit or you did not. - Opt-in Competition
- You may elect to provide a publicly visible name and have the operation counts of your working code

logged on a competition scoreboard.